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Swift Vs. React Native: What to Choose for iOS App Development?

Swift Vs React Native

React Native and Swift are both relatively new technologies that support the mobile app development for ios apps. React Native is a framework for javascript, while Swift is a brand-new programming language. Many developers often confuse in choosing between Swift and React Native to create IOS apps. 

Here in this article, we will compare the swift and react native features to help you select the best one for your ios app development.

What is React Native?

React Native is an open-source framework designed and supported by Facebook and used for cross-platform mobile applications. The framework allows you to create native apps for ios and android platforms with a single javascript codebase. It uses the React.js library to create an accurate native mobile app. It has 78.3K GitHub stars and 17.5K forks on GitHub. 

What is Swift?

Swift is the official framework created by Apple. It is used to develop native apps for IOS devices, including iPhones, Apple computers, AppleWatch, and Apple TV. Swift operates with Apple’s  Cocoa and Cocoa Touch frameworks.

It is the best option for creating projects with sophisticated infrastructure, complex integrations, and native iOS features, such as in-app payment. It has 48.2K GitHub stars and 7.71K GitHub. 

Also Read: Kotlin Vs Java – Which is Better for Android App Development

React Native vs. Swift – Comparison

1. User Interface

As Swift is a native language designed for creating powerful IOS apps, it automatically integrates with the IOS designs and leverages all the UX principles.

Simultaneously, to create a mobile app on Swift, the development team must code a native app from scratch and polish every app designs elements separately. 

On the other hand, React Native is powered with javascript and leverages the internal APIs to run native elements that adjust to every screen size. The user interface is the same in the native one and also so much easier to code.

Additionally, all the app elements will be displayed appropriately on numerous screen sizes, including iPhone, iPad, and so on.

2. Speed of coding

Swift is considered as one of the most time-saving option to create an IOS app. It makes app development easier by eradicating the drawbacks of Objective C.

And on the other hand, react native is a perfect choice if you want to create an app for both the Android and IOS platforms simultaneously. 

3. Community and Support

Swift developers receive technical support through a public forum. On the other hand, React Native is an open-source framework; developers receive the contribution from companies and individuals worldwide.  

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4. Performance

Performance is considered as the essential thing in mobile apps to know which framework is best. It is mainly determined by the three crucial factors: CPU usage, allocated memory, and energy impact for various tasks.

The native mobile apps developed on Swift languages use all device possibilities, mainly graphic effects, and computational-heavy tasks.

When developers create a mobile app using React Native, they create modules to leverage internal APIs and libraries independently. As developers include a middle-man between the code and platform, there are high chances to impact the app’s performance.

5. Developer hourly rate

 In 2020, the average Swift developers’ hourly wage varied among different countries:

  • In the U.S., the rate varies from $80 to $300 
  • The rate varies From $25 and $150 in Eastern Europe
  • In Western Europe, the rate varies from $50 to $200 

At the same time, the cost of one hour of React Native Developer is the following:

  • In the U.S., the rate varies From $70 to $350.
  • The rate varies From $60 to $250 in Western Europe.
  • In Eastern Europe, the rate varies From $30 to $120.

Swift vs. React Native: what to choose for your project?

Well, Both programming languages have its own merits or demerits. You should select the programming language for your ios app on your app’s requirements, app type, app’s functionality, the number of users, and other factors.

To give you a clue, consider the following:

  • If you want to create an app with complex user interfaces, such as a messaging app with a built-in geolocation feature, you must use Swift. Creating complex apps in native coding language is always the best option.
  • If you want to create a mobile app for both iOS and Android platforms, you must go with React Native to save your time and money.
  • If you want to create an app with numerous native features and APIs provided by iOS, such as media players or battery monitoring, you must go with Swift.

By choosing the right programming language for your ios app, you can lessen the development costs, improve app productivity, and enhance ongoing app support. 

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